「及時」模式:全新世代的 Tailwind CSS
Tailwind CSS on GitHub

Plugins

Extending Tailwind with reusable third-party plugins.

Overview

Plugins let you register new styles for Tailwind to inject into the user’s stylesheet using JavaScript instead of CSS.

To get started with your first plugin, import Tailwind’s plugin function from tailwindcss/plugin. Then inside your plugins array, and call it with an anonymous function as the first argument.

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addUtilities, addComponents, e, prefix, config }) {
      // Add your custom styles here
    }),
  ]
}

Plugin functions receive a single object argument that can be destructured into several helper functions:

  • addUtilities(), for registering new utility styles
  • addComponents(), for registering new component styles
  • addBase(), for registering new base styles
  • addVariant(), for registering custom variants
  • e(), for escaping strings meant to be used in class names
  • prefix(), for manually applying the user’s configured prefix to parts of a selector
  • theme(), for looking up values in the user’s theme configuration
  • variants(), for looking up values in the user’s variants configuration
  • config(), for looking up values in the user’s Tailwind configuration
  • postcss, for doing low-level manipulation with PostCSS directly

Official plugins

We’ve developed a handful of official plugins for popular features that for one reason or another don’t belong in core yet.

Plugins can be added to your project by installing them via npm, then adding them to your tailwind.config.js file:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  // ...
  plugins: [
    require('@tailwindcss/typography'),
    require('@tailwindcss/forms'),
    require('@tailwindcss/line-clamp'),
    require('@tailwindcss/aspect-ratio'),
  ]
}

Typography

The @tailwindcss/typography plugin adds a set of prose classes that can be used to quickly add sensible typographic styles to content blocks that come from sources like markdown or a CMS database.

<article class="prose lg:prose-xl">
  <h1>Garlic bread with cheese: What the science tells us</h1>
  <p>
    For years parents have espoused the health benefits of eating garlic bread with cheese to their
    children, with the food earning such an iconic status in our culture that kids will often dress
    up as warm, cheesy loaf for Halloween.
  </p>
  <p>
    But a recent study shows that the celebrated appetizer may be linked to a series of rabies cases
    springing up around the country.
  </p>
  <!-- ... -->
</article>

Learn more about the typography plugin

Forms

The @tailwindcss/forms plugin adds an opinionated form reset layer that makes it easier to style form elements with utility classes.

<!-- You can actually customize padding on a select element: -->
<select class="px-4 py-3 rounded-full">
  <!-- ... -->
</select>

<!-- Or change a checkbox color using text color utilities: -->
<input type="checkbox" class="rounded text-pink-500" />

Learn more about the forms plugin

Line-clamp

The @tailwindcss/line-clamp plugin adds line-clamp-{lines} classes you can use to truncate text to a fixed number of lines.

<p class="line-clamp-3 md:line-clamp-none">
  Et molestiae hic earum repellat aliquid est doloribus delectus. Enim illum odio porro ut omnis
  dolor debitis natus. Voluptas possimus deserunt sit delectus est saepe nihil. Qui voluptate
  possimus et quia. Eligendi voluptas voluptas dolor cum. Rerum est quos quos id ut molestiae fugit.
</p>

Learn more about the line-clamp plugin

Aspect ratio

The @tailwindcss/aspect-ratio plugin adds aspect-w-{n} and aspect-h-{n} classes that can be combined to give an element a fixed aspect ratio.

<div class="aspect-w-16 aspect-h-9">
  <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/dQw4w9WgXcQ" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe>
</div>

Learn more about the aspect ratio plugin


Adding utilities

The addUtilities function allows you to register new styles in Tailwind’s utilities layer.

Plugin utilities are output in the order they are registered, after built-in utilities, so if a plugin targets any of the same properties as a built-in utility, the plugin utility will take precedence.

To add new utilities from a plugin, call addUtilities, passing in your styles using CSS-in-JS syntax:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addUtilities }) {
      const newUtilities = {
        '.skew-10deg': {
          transform: 'skewY(-10deg)',
        },
        '.skew-15deg': {
          transform: 'skewY(-15deg)',
        },
      }

      addUtilities(newUtilities)
    })
  ]
}

Prefix and important preferences

By default, plugin utilities automatically respect the user’s prefix and important preferences.

That means that given this Tailwind configuration:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  prefix: 'tw-',
  important: true,
  // ...
}

…the example plugin above would generate the following CSS:

.tw-skew-10deg {
  transform: skewY(-10deg) !important;
}
.tw-skew-15deg {
  transform: skewY(-15deg) !important;
}

If necessary, you can opt out of this behavior by passing an options object as a second parameter to addUtilities:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addUtilities }) {
      const newUtilities = {
        // ...
      }

      addUtilities(newUtilities, {
        respectPrefix: false,
        respectImportant: false,
      })
    })
  ]
}

Variants

To generate responsive, hover, focus, active, or other variants of your styles, specify the variants you’d like to generate using the variants option:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addUtilities }) {
      const newUtilities = {
        // ...
      }

      addUtilities(newUtilities, {
        variants: ['responsive', 'hover'],
      })
    })
  ]
}

If you only need to specify variants and don’t need to opt-out of the default prefix or important options, you can also pass the array of variants as the second parameter directly:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addUtilities }) {
      const newUtilities = {
        // ...
      }

      addUtilities(newUtilities, ['responsive', 'hover'])
    })
  ]
}

If you’d like the user to provide the variants themselves under the variants section in their tailwind.config.js file, you can use the variants() function to get the variants they have configured:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  variants: {
    customPlugin: ['responsive', 'hover'],
  },
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addUtilities, variants }) {
      const newUtilities = {
        // ...
      }

      addUtilities(newUtilities, variants('customPlugin'))
    })
  ]
}

Adding components

The addComponents function allows you to register new styles in Tailwind’s components layer.

Use it to add more opinionated, complex classes like buttons, form controls, alerts, etc; the sort of pre-built components you often see in other frameworks that you might need to override with utility classes.

To add new component styles from a plugin, call addComponents, passing in your styles using CSS-in-JS syntax:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents }) {
      const buttons = {
        '.btn': {
          padding: '.5rem 1rem',
          borderRadius: '.25rem',
          fontWeight: '600',
        },
        '.btn-blue': {
          backgroundColor: '#3490dc',
          color: '#fff',
          '&:hover': {
            backgroundColor: '#2779bd'
          },
        },
        '.btn-red': {
          backgroundColor: '#e3342f',
          color: '#fff',
          '&:hover': {
            backgroundColor: '#cc1f1a'
          },
        },
      }

      addComponents(buttons)
    })
  ]
}

Prefix and important preferences

By default, component classes automatically respect the user’s prefix preference, but they are not affected by the user’s important preference.

That means that given this Tailwind configuration:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  prefix: 'tw-',
  important: true,
  // ...
}

…the example plugin above would generate the following CSS:

.tw-btn {
  padding: .5rem 1rem;
  border-radius: .25rem;
  font-weight: 600;
}
.tw-btn-blue {
  background-color: #3490dc;
  color: #fff;
}
.tw-btn-blue:hover {
  background-color: #2779bd;
}
.tw-btn-red {
  background-color: #e3342f;
  color: #fff;
}
.tw-btn-red:hover {
  background-color: #cc1f1a;
}

Although there’s rarely a good reason to make component declarations important, if you really need to do it you can always add !important manually:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents }) {
      const buttons = {
        '.btn': {
          padding: '.5rem 1rem !important',
          borderRadius: '.25rem !important',
          fontWeight: '600 !important',
        },
        // ...
      }

      addComponents(buttons)
    })
  ]
}

All classes in a selector will be prefixed by default, so if you add a more complex style like:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  prefix: 'tw-',
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents }) {
      const components = {
        // ...
        '.navbar-inverse a.nav-link': {
            color: '#fff',
        }
      }

      addComponents(components)
    })
  ]
}

…the following CSS would be generated:

.tw-navbar-inverse a.tw-nav-link {
    color: #fff;
}

To opt out of prefixing, pass an options object as a second parameter to addComponents:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  prefix: 'tw-',
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents }) {
      const components = {
        // ...
      }

      addComponents(components, {
        respectPrefix: false
      })
    })
  ]
}

Variants

To generate responsive, hover, focus, active, or other variants of your components, specify the variants you’d like to generate using the variants option:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents }) {
      const newComponents = {
        // ...
      }

      addComponents(newComponents, {
        variants: ['responsive', 'hover'],
      })
    })
  ]
}

If you only need to specify variants and don’t need to opt-out of the default prefix or important options, you can also pass the array of variants as the second parameter directly:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents }) {
      const newComponents = {
        // ...
      }

      addComponents(newComponents, ['responsive', 'hover'])
    })
  ]
}

If you’d like the user to provide the variants themselves under the variants section in their tailwind.config.js file, you can use the variants() function to get the variants they have configured:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  variants: {
    customPlugin: ['responsive', 'hover'],
  },
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents, variants }) {
      const newComponents = {
        // ...
      }

      addComponents(newComponents, variants('customPlugin'))
    })
  ]
}

Adding base styles

The addBase function allows you to register new styles in Tailwind’s base layer.

Use it to add things like base typography styles, opinionated global resets, or @font-face rules.

To add new base styles from a plugin, call addBase, passing in your styles using CSS-in-JS syntax:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addBase, theme }) {
      addBase({
        'h1': { fontSize: theme('fontSize.2xl') },
        'h2': { fontSize: theme('fontSize.xl') },
        'h3': { fontSize: theme('fontSize.lg') },
      })
    })
  ]
}

Since base styles are meant to target bare selectors like div, h1, etc., they do not respect the user’s prefix or important configuration.


Escaping class names

If your plugin generates classes that contain user-provided strings, you can use the e function to escape those class names to make sure non-standard characters are handled properly automatically.

For example, this plugin generates a set of .rotate-{angle} utilities where {angle} is a user provided string. The e function is used to escape the concatenated class name to make sure classes like .rotate-1/4 work as expected:

// tailwind.config.js
const _ = require('lodash')
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  theme: {
    rotate: {
      '1/4': '90deg',
      '1/2': '180deg',
      '3/4': '270deg',
    }
  },
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addUtilities, theme, e }) {
      const rotateUtilities = _.map(theme('rotate'), (value, key) => {
        return {
          [`.${e(`rotate-${key}`)}`]: {
            transform: `rotate(${value})`
          }
        }
      })

      addUtilities(rotateUtilities)
    })
  ]
}

This plugin would generate the following CSS:

.rotate-1\/4 {
  transform: rotate(90deg);
}
.rotate-1\/2 {
  transform: rotate(180deg);
}
.rotate-3\/4 {
  transform: rotate(270deg);
}

Be careful to only escape content you actually want to escape; don’t pass the leading . in a class name or the : at the beginning pseudo-classes like :hover or :focus or those characters will be escaped.

Additionally, because CSS has rules about the characters a class name can start with (a class can’t start with a number, but it can contain one), it’s a good idea to escape your complete class name (not just the user-provided portion) or you may end up with unnecessary escape sequences:

// Will unnecessarily escape `1`
`.rotate-${e('1/4')}`
// => '.rotate-\31 \/4'

// Won't escape `1` because it's not the first character
`.${e('rotate-1/4')}`
// => '.rotate-1\/4'

Manually prefixing selectors

If you’re writing something complex where you only want to prefix certain classes, you can use the prefix function to have fine-grained control of when the user’s configured prefix is applied.

For example, if you’re creating a plugin to be reused across a set of internal projects that includes existing classes in its selectors, you might only want to prefix the new classes:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  prefix: 'tw-',
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents, prefix }) {
      addComponents({
        [`.existing-class > ${prefix('.new-class')}`]: {
          backgroundColor: '#fff',
        }
      })
    })
  ]
}

This would generate the following CSS:

.existing-class > .tw-new-class {
  background-color: #fff;
}

The prefix function will prefix all classes in a selector and ignore non-classes, so it’s totally safe to pass complex selectors like this one:

prefix('.btn-blue .w-1\/4 > h1.text-xl + a .bar')
// => '.tw-btn-blue .tw-w-1\/4 > h1.tw-text-xl + a .tw-bar'

Referencing the user's config

The config, theme, and variants functions allow you to ask for a value from the user’s Tailwind configuration using dot notation, providing a default value if that path doesn’t exist.

For example, this simplified version of the built-in container plugin uses the theme function to get the user’s configured breakpoints:

// tailwind.config.js
const _ = require('lodash')
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addComponents, theme }) {
      const screens = theme('screens', {})

      const mediaQueries = _.map(screens, width => {
        return {
          [`@media (min-width: ${width})`]: {
            '.container': {
              'max-width': width,
            },
          },
        }
      })

      addComponents([
        { '.container': { width: '100%' } },
        ...mediaQueries,
      ])
    })
  ]
}

If you’d like to reference the user’s variants configuration, it’s recommended that you use the variants() function instead of the config function.

Don't use the config function to look up variants

addUtilities(newUtilities, config('variants.customPlugin'))

Use the variants function instead

addUtilities(newUtilities, variants('customPlugin'))

Since variants could simply be a global list of variants to configure for every plugin in the whole project, using the variants() function lets you easily respect the user’s configuration without reimplementing that logic yourself.

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  variants: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus'],
  plugins: [
    plugin(function ({ config, variants }) {
      config('variants.customPlugin')
      // => undefined

      variants('customPlugin')
      // => ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus']
    })
  ]
}

Exposing options

It often makes sense for a plugin to expose its own options that the user can configure to customize the plugin’s behavior.

The best way to accomplish this is to claim your own key in the user’s theme and variants configuration and ask them to provide any options there so you can access them with the theme and variants functions.

For example, here’s a plugin (extracted to its own module) for creating simple gradient utilities that accepts the gradients and variants to generate as options:

// ./plugins/gradients.js
const _ = require('lodash')
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = plugin(function({ addUtilities, e, theme, variants }) {
  const gradients = theme('gradients', {})
  const gradientVariants = variants('gradients', [])

  const utilities = _.map(gradients, ([start, end], name) => ({
    [`.${e(`bg-gradient-${name}`)}`]: {
      backgroundImage: `linear-gradient(to right, ${start}, ${end})`
    }
  }))

  addUtilities(utilities, gradientVariants)
})

To use it, you’d require it in your plugins list, specifying your configuration under the gradients key in both theme and variants:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  theme: {
    gradients: theme => ({
      'blue-green': [theme('colors.blue.500'), theme('colors.green.500')],
      'purple-blue': [theme('colors.purple.500'), theme('colors.blue.500')],
      // ...
    })
  },
  variants: {
    gradients: ['responsive', 'hover'],
  },
  plugins: [
    require('./plugins/gradients')
  ],
}

Providing default options

To provide default theme and variants options for your plugin, pass a second argument to Tailwind’s plugin function that includes your defaults:

// ./plugins/gradients.js
const _ = require('lodash')
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = plugin(function({ addUtilities, e, theme, variants }) {
  // ...
}, {
  theme: {
    gradients: theme => ({
      'blue-green': [theme('colors.blue.500'), theme('colors.green.500')],
      'purple-blue': [theme('colors.purple.500'), theme('colors.blue.500')],
      // ...
    })
  },
  variants: {
    gradients: ['responsive', 'hover'],
  }
})

This object is just another Tailwind configuration object and has all of the same properties and features as the config object you’re used to working with in tailwind.config.js.

By providing your defaults this way, end users will be able to override and extend your defaults the same way they can with Tailwind’s built-in styles.

Exposing advanced configuration options

Sometimes it makes sense for a plugin to be configurable in a way that doesn’t really belong under theme or variants, like perhaps you want users to be able to customize the class name your plugin uses.

For cases like this, you can use plugin.withOptions to define a plugin that can be invoked with a configuration object. This API is similar to the regular plugin API, except each argument should be a function that receives the user’s options and returns the value that you would have normally passed in using the regular API:

// ./plugins/gradients.js
const _ = require('lodash')
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = plugin.withOptions(function (options) {
  return function({ addUtilities, e, theme, variants }) {
    const classPrefix = options.classPrefix ?? 'bg-gradient'
    const gradients = theme('gradients', {})
    const gradientVariants = variants('gradients', [])

    const utilities = _.map(gradients, ([start, end], name) => ({
      [`.${e(`${classPrefix}-${name}`)}`]: {
        backgroundImage: `linear-gradient(to right, ${start}, ${end})`
      }
    }))

    addUtilities(utilities, gradientVariants)
  })
}, function (options) {
  return {
    theme: {
      gradients: theme => ({
        'blue-green': [theme('colors.blue.500'), theme('colors.green.500')],
        'purple-blue': [theme('colors.purple.500'), theme('colors.blue.500')],
        // ...
      })
    },
    variants: {
      gradients: ['responsive', 'hover'],
    }
  }
})

The user would invoke your plugin passing along their options when registering it in their plugins configuration:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  theme: {
    // ...
  },
  variants: {
    // ...
  },
  plugins: [
    require('./plugins/gradients')({
      classPrefix: 'bg-grad'
    })
  ],
}

The user can also register plugins created this way normally without invoking them if they don’t need to pass in any custom options:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  theme: {
    // ...
  },
  variants: {
    // ...
  },
  plugins: [
    require('./plugins/gradients')
  ],
}

CSS-in-JS syntax

Each of addUtilities, addComponents, and addBase expect CSS rules written as JavaScript objects. Tailwind uses the same sort of syntax you might recognize from CSS-in-JS libraries like Emotion, and is powered by postcss-js under the hood.

Consider this simple CSS rule:

.card {
  background-color: #fff;
  border-radius: .25rem;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
}

Translating this to a CSS-in-JS object would look like this:

addComponents({
  '.card': {
    'background-color': '#fff',
    'border-radius': '.25rem',
    'box-shadow': '0 2px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2)',
  }
})

For convenience, property names can also be written in camelCase and will be automatically translated to dash-case:

addComponents({
  '.card': {
    backgroundColor: '#fff',
    borderRadius: '.25rem',
    boxShadow: '0 2px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2)',
  }
})

Nesting is also supported (powered by postcss-nested), using the same syntax you might be familiar with from Sass or Less:

addComponents({
  '.card': {
    backgroundColor: '#fff',
    borderRadius: '.25rem',
    boxShadow: '0 2px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2)',
    '&:hover': {
      boxShadow: '0 10px 15px rgba(0,0,0,0.2)',
    },
    '@media (min-width: 500px)': {
      borderRadius: '.5rem',
    }
  }
})

Multiple rules can be defined in the same object:

addComponents({
  '.btn': {
    padding: '.5rem 1rem',
    borderRadius: '.25rem',
    fontWeight: '600',
  },
  '.btn-blue': {
    backgroundColor: '#3490dc',
    color: '#fff',
    '&:hover': {
      backgroundColor: '#2779bd'
    },
  },
  '.btn-red': {
    backgroundColor: '#e3342f',
    color: '#fff',
    '&:hover': {
      backgroundColor: '#cc1f1a'
    },
  },
})

…or as an array of objects in case you need to repeat the same key:

addComponents([
  {
    '@media (min-width: 500px)': {
      // ...
    }
  },
  {
    '@media (min-width: 500px)': {
      // ...
    }
  },
  {
    '@media (min-width: 500px)': {
      // ...
    }
  },
])

Adding variants

The addVariant function allows you to register your own custom variants that can be used just like the built-in hover, focus, active, etc. variants.

To add a new variant, call the addVariant function, passing in the name of your custom variant, and a callback that modifies the affected CSS rules as needed.

const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addVariant, e }) {
      addVariant('disabled', ({ modifySelectors, separator }) => {
        modifySelectors(({ className }) => {
          return `.${e(`disabled${separator}${className}`)}:disabled`
        })
      })
    })
  ]
}

The callback receives an object that can be destructured into the following parts:

  • modifySelectors, a helper function to simplify adding basic variants
  • separator, the user’s configured separator string
  • container, a PostCSS Container containing all of the rules the variant is being applied to, for creating complex variants

Basic variants

If you want to add a simple variant that only needs to change the selector, use the modifySelectors helper.

The modifySelectors helper accepts a function that receives an object that can be destructured into the following parts:

  • selector, the complete unmodified selector for the current rule
  • className, the class name of the current rule with the leading dot removed

The function you pass to modifySelectors should simply return the modified selector.

For example, a first-child variant plugin could be written like this:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addVariant, e }) {
      addVariant('first-child', ({ modifySelectors, separator }) => {
        modifySelectors(({ className }) => {
          return `.${e(`first-child${separator}${className}`)}:first-child`
        })
      })
    })
  ]
}

Complex variants

If you need to do anything beyond simply modifying selectors (like changing the actual rule declarations, or wrapping the rules in another at-rule), you’ll need to use the container instance.

Using the container instance, you can traverse all of the rules within a given module or @variants block and manipulate them however you like using the standard PostCSS API.

For example, this plugin creates an important version of each affected utility by prepending the class with an exclamation mark and modifying each declaration to be important:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addVariant }) {
      addVariant('important', ({ container }) => {
        container.walkRules(rule => {
          rule.selector = `.\\!${rule.selector.slice(1)}`
          rule.walkDecls(decl => {
            decl.important = true
          })
        })
      })
    })
  ]
}

This plugin takes all of the rules inside the container, wraps them in a @supports (display: grid) at-rule, and prefixes each rule with supports-grid:

// tailwind.config.js
const plugin = require('tailwindcss/plugin')

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    plugin(function({ addVariant, e, postcss }) {
      addVariant('supports-grid', ({ container, separator }) => {
        const supportsRule = postcss.atRule({ name: 'supports', params: '(display: grid)' })
        supportsRule.append(container.nodes)
        container.append(supportsRule)
        supportsRule.walkRules(rule => {
          rule.selector = `.${e(`supports-grid${separator}`)}${rule.selector.slice(1)}`
        })
      })
    })
  ]
}

To learn more about working with PostCSS directly, check out the PostCSS API documentation.

Using custom variants

Using custom variants is no different than using Tailwind’s built-in variants.

To use custom variants with Tailwind’s core plugins, add them to the variants section of your config file:

// tailwind.config.js
modules.exports = {
  variants: {
    borderWidths: ['responsive', 'hover', 'focus', 'first-child', 'disabled'],
  }
}

To use custom variants with custom utilities in your own CSS, use the variants at-rule:

@variants hover, first-child {
  .bg-cover-image {
    background-image: url('/path/to/image.jpg');
  }
}