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Grid Template Columns

Utilities for specifying the columns in a grid layout.

Default class reference

Class
屬性
grid-cols-1grid-template-columns: repeat(1, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-2grid-template-columns: repeat(2, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-3grid-template-columns: repeat(3, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-4grid-template-columns: repeat(4, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-5grid-template-columns: repeat(5, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-6grid-template-columns: repeat(6, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-7grid-template-columns: repeat(7, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-8grid-template-columns: repeat(8, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-9grid-template-columns: repeat(9, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-10grid-template-columns: repeat(10, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-11grid-template-columns: repeat(11, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-12grid-template-columns: repeat(12, minmax(0, 1fr));
grid-cols-nonegrid-template-columns: none;

Usage

Use the grid-cols-{n} utilities to create grids with n equally sized columns.

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<div class="grid grid-cols-3 gap-4">
  <div>1</div>
  <!-- ... -->
  <div>9</div>
</div>

Responsive

To control the columns of a grid at a specific breakpoint, add a {screen}: prefix to any existing grid-template-columns utility. For example, use md:grid-cols-6 to apply the grid-cols-6 utility at only medium screen sizes and above.

<div class="grid grid-cols-1 md:grid-cols-6">
  <!-- ... -->
</div>

For more information about Tailwind’s responsive design features, check out the Responsive Design documentation.

Customizing

By default, Tailwind includes grid-template-column utilities for creating basic grids with up to 12 equal width columns. You change, add, or remove these by customizing the gridTemplateColumns section of your Tailwind theme config.

You have direct access to the grid-template-columns CSS property here so you can make your custom column values as generic or as complicated and site-specific as you like.

  // tailwind.config.js
  module.exports = {
    theme: {
      extend: {
        gridTemplateColumns: {
          // Simple 16 column grid
+         '16': 'repeat(16, minmax(0, 1fr))',

          // Complex site-specific column configuration
+         'footer': '200px minmax(900px, 1fr) 100px',
        }
      }
    }
  }

Learn more about customizing the default theme in the theme customization documentation.

Variants

默認情況下, 只有 響應式 的 grid-template-columns 變化模式 (variants) 會產生。

tailwind.config.jsvariants 區塊中變更 gridTemplateColumns 屬性來決定有哪些變化模式會生成。

舉個例子來說,這個設定將會生成 響應式 和 hover 的變化模式。

  // tailwind.config.js
  module.exports = {
    variants: {
      extend: {
        // ...
+       gridTemplateColumns: ['responsive', 'hover'],
      }
    }
  }

Disabling

如果你不打算在專案中使用 grid-template-columns 功能,可以在你的設定檔裡的 corePlugins 屬性中將 gridTemplateColumns 設定為 false 來停用功能:

  // tailwind.config.js
  module.exports = {
    corePlugins: {
      // ...
+     gridTemplateColumns: false,
    }
  }